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The Adaptive Brain Interfaces

Researchers: Jukka Heikkonen, Kimmo Kaski, Mikko Sams, Markus Varsta,
José Millan and Josep Mourino of the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission Ispra site,
Prof. Maria Marciani and Fabio Babiloni of the IRCCS Ospedale di Riabilitazione S. Lucia, Italy


The objective of the ABI project is to use EEG signals as an alternative means of interaction with computers. As such, we want to develop a brain-actuated mouse. We seek to recognise five EEG patterns by means of artificial neural networks and to associate them with simple commands. Thus, to select an item from a computer screen it suffices to have 5 patterns; four of the patterns will move the pointer "up", "down", "left", and "right", while the fifth pattern will "click" and select the item underneath the pointer.

The aim of the project is to develop an interactive and flexible interface that not only learns from its user but can also help the user to pick the mental patterns that are the easiest for him/her to reproduce consistently. We have laid down three principles to achieve this goal.


 
Figure 15
Figure 15: The measurement of the EEG signals in the Adaptive Brain Interfaces project.


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